Amritbani

SAB SIKHAN KO HUKAM HAI,GURU MANEYO GRANTH

 In Shri Guru Granth Sahib Ji , Amrit Bani composed in 31 Raags.

 

 Raag Tukhari

This is the twenty second Raaga to appear in the Guru Granth Sahib. The composition in this raga appear on a total of 11 pages from page numbers 1107 to 1118.

Tukhari was probably based on a folk tune and was very likely developed by Guru Nanak dev ji into a raaga for the singing of certain shabads. No raaga of this name appears in the classifications of the period when shabads were being composed and the Holy Book compiled. A raaga called Mukhari may be found in the classifications of Karnataka (South Indian) ragas during the period from the 15th to the l8th centuries. Tukhari was used by Guru Nanak dev ji, Guru Ram Das ji and Guru Arjun dev ji. Guru Nanak's composition Bara Maha is set to this Raaga. It appears to be a raaga for the morning hours to be sung in winter. Its name Tukhari is the popular form of tushar (Sanskrit for winter frost). No melodic material for the Tukhari is available but, for the sake of comparison, the scale of Mukhari is given:

Aroh: Ni Sa, Ga Ma Pa, Ni Sa
Avroh: Sa Ni Dha Pa, Ni Dha Pa, M'a Ga Re Sa
Pakar: Ni Ni Dha Pa, Ma Pa, Ma Ga, Re Sa
Vadi: Pa
Samvadi Sa
 

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